Update about FAPSI stations

Although the following article was not published in the N&O column but in the 'Digital Review' column, I just had to include it here because this is the rewritten and updated article about the FAPSI stations published in the WUN newsletter from June 1997.

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Russian diplo/intelligence [SOUD update 20-6-1997]

We introduced you to the 'Brotherhood/SOUD' network via a special edition of the WUN newsletter in March 1995. Lots of updates have been published since that date -mostly new schedules and stations- and numerous logs have popped up with various id's, such as BROTHERHOOD, SOUD, DoSC and lately also SVR and FAPSI. As SOUD doesn't exist anymore, I think it is time for a major update. For those of you who are unfamiliar with this network, I suggest that you catch up with the story by reading WUN newsletters vol.1 nos.3 and 6 first. This update starts with a short who-is-who in Russian intelligence, followed by network specifics.

As you probably all know, the KGB does not exist anymore but most of its former directorates are still alive and kicking in one form or another. While KGB (Committee of State Security) and its military counterpart GRU controlled nearly the complete intelligence system in the old days, a number of the new agencies come now under various ministries. A large part of the state security tasks are now handled by the FSB (formerly FSK and successor to the KGB).

The Federal Agency for Government Communications and Information (FAPSI), comprised of the former KGB 8th Chief Directorate and 16th Directorate, controls the country's communications networks and runs most electronic intelligence functions in Russia. According to a decree dated April 3, 1995, FAPSI is empowered to monitor and register all electronic financial and securities transactions in Russia, and to monitor other electronic communications, including private Internet access.

The SVR is the foreign intelligence service who was known as CSR till December 1991 and became part of the Ministry of Security (MB) under the new name 'SVR'. MB was in existence from 1991 to 1993 and was the initial successor to the KGB. In December 1993, SVR became an independent agency. The SVR has offices in Russian embassies, consulates and trade establishments throughout the world.

The Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), responsible for internal Russian law and order AND counterintelligence activities. Originally the Federal Counterintelligence Service (FSK), the FSB was established in 1991 by President Boris Jeltsin as one of the successors to the KGB. The FSK was subordinate to the short-lived MB but became an independent agency in 1993 under the new name 'FSB'.

The Russian Presidential Security Service (PSB), formerly the 9th Chief Directorate of the KGB, was established as an independent government agency in December 1993. In addition to providing security for Russian top officials and the guards for the Kremlin, the PSB supervises top-level government communications, operates and protects underground command centres, maintains the special underground train system that connects key government facilities in the Moscow area, and protects other strategic facilities, and executive aircraft and special trains. Those trains are an interesting item for us as well as the Russian Civil Railway Authority is also on SW. Leadership communications are carried out from the trains when a Soviet/Russian leader travels by train. The train was popular by President Brezhnev, who never flew except when he absolutely had to and then only outside the borders - and always used these trains. The trains are mostly used for their strategic rocket forces, a lot of which is rail-mounted.

FAPSI is in fact the agency who is responsible for state communications and signals security. The agency was also one of the former KGB directorates, handling Federal communications and was responsible for the encryption of the government's messages; tasks they still carry out today. The agency operates a HF/satellite network, for both SIGINT purposes and transmission of government and intelligence traffic. Like the KGB in the old days, FAPSI works closely together with the GRU, Russia's military intelligence organisation. They even share the SIGINT facilities around the world, lots of them located in embassies and consulates. In 1993 Russia closed a contract with Vietnam to ensure the continuing use of the SIGINT facilities in Cam Ranh Bay. In 1994 the Russians came to an agreement with the Latvian government, which gives them the right to use the SIGINT station in Skrunda till 1998. Russia's largest SIGINT facility abroad is the one in Lourdes (Cuba). Most of the RTTY and numbers transmissions heard in North America originate from various transmitter sites in Cuba. There are also SIGINT/tx facilities in Nicaragua.

SOUD was an alliance of the intelligence agencies of the Communist block and its databases were accessible by all members of the former block. The members of SOUD were the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Mongolia, Cuba, East Germany and Vietnam. After the collapse of the block also SOUD's days were numbered. One of the main computer centres was in East Germany, and after East and West Germany reunited, the Stasi archives were soon in the hands of the BND, the West German intelligence agency. Nevertheless, it is believed that SOUD stayed in business for at least a couple of years but now as a Russian enterprise, possibly with the help of a few friendly nations like Romania, Vietnam and Cuba. As most of the traffic was between diplomatic establishments, the assumption was made that a major part of the traffic was now diplo traffic (a large portion probably always was, even in the early days!) In the spring of 1996, I was informed that SOUD was definitely out of business but no-one could tell me exactly who was now in control of the network. Although I haven't got a written statement from Boris in Moscow, it is safe to assume that most of the traffic nowadays is diplo material and SVR traffic, transmitted by FAPSI.

So, how shall we call the players on this net from now on? Although the major part of the traffic most probably originates from diplo sources and SVR, my personal vote goes to FAPSI as they are responsible for all comms from and to the embassies/consulates/MFA/SVR/FSB. GRU uses the same SIGINT facilities as FAPSI does, but seem to use mainly satellites for their communications. I think we shouldn't use the other reported names anymore. Someone asked me once if the 'Brotherhood' was the same as the American 'White Supremacy' organisation. The answer is a big -NO-. In the early days, when we didn't know who was using the net, we called them 'the Brotherhood', which was just our internal nickname for the net. Heck, I didn't even know there was another one :-)

Another name we should not use anymore is of course SOUD. Finally we've got 'DoSC', the Department of State Communications, but isn't that the same as FAPSI? It is of course up to you how you want to call this net in your logs. From now on, I will refer to them as FAPSI though. When it comes to the numbers stations transmitting from Cuba, I suggest we'll call them 'SVR'.

Right, that was a lot of intel talk. Because I received quite a lot of questions about the subject, I thought it would be a good thing to explain in a nutshell who KGB's successors are. Now then, I think it is wrong to put too much stress on the intelligence side of the network, so let's focus on the diplo traffic. 'Ok, but why switch to diplo and why is a new intelligence net like SOUD unlikely?', you may ask. Let's look at some of the facts so far.

This wide variety of modes is not unusual and can be seen on many other diplo nets as well.

Yugoslavia FEC-A-144 + F1B-75
Czech Rep. IRA-ARQ + F1B-100 + High speed QPSK
Hungary HNG-FEC + DUP-ARQ
Norway SITOR-A + TWINPLEX + DUP-ARQ-2
Turkey RS-ARQ-228.65/240.81 + FEC-A-144
India VFT:FEC-A-96 + F1B-50 + PSK (tests?)
Italy ARQ-E-96 + SITOR-A + RS-ARQ + 1200bd PSK or FSK
Germany ARQ-E-96 + RS-ARQ-228.65/240.81/ + 2400bps PSK
France FEC-A-192/384 + TT2300B
etc. etc. etc.

Network specifics - modes, freqs, link ID's and callsigns

Modes

Crowd36 40/10 bd 32 tones (+ selcall system)
12-channel PSK
IRA-ARQ 110.2 bd / 500 Hz shift
IRA-ARQ 300.5 bd / 500 Hz shift
Baudot 50 bd / 500 Hz shift
Baudot 75 bd / 500 Hz shift
Baudot 100 bd / 500 Hz shift
Baudot 200 bd / 500 Hz shift
Mazielka 6-tone selcall system

4-letter combinations have been noted on the Crowd36 links. These sequences most probably are used to trigger the computers on the receiving side. The following sequences were copied: VDAA, VDAG, VDBA, VDBE, VDCB, VDCE, VDCF, VDEA, VDFB, VDGB. So far they have been noted when...

Numbers transmissions and 'our' network

One of the monitors sent me his very interesting findings as you can read hereafter. 14747 and 14787 kHz seem to be quite interesting places. Here are the relevant quotes from the reports:

........the testing that has been taking place the least several months on 14747. The use of this frequency is strange. It's almost like it's programed as a test freq. I have seen tests of virtually every mode and service on this freq in the last few months. This morning at 1550Z (12-12-'96) I tuned to this freq and heard the mark tone but I though I heard voice on it. I switched to AM mode and, to my surprise, there was a mechanical male voice counting in English like so:
one, one, one, one, one, two, two, two, two, two, three, three, three, three, three four, four, four, four, four on up through nine. Then instead of zero, a word that very distinctly sounded like "VEEL" pronounced like the english word "veal" (as in the meat) and rhyming with the word "reel". There was much clicking, buzzing and occassional distortion - like the operator was adjusting the audio output of the numbers generator. There were frequent long pauses interspersed with number combinations like one, one, or four, five, and frequently "veel, one; veel one" After a while it settled down to repeated counts of "one, two, three, one, two three" This went on for another 5 minutes or so. And then came Spanish numbers. Pretty much the same routine, but now a male in Spanish: "uno, dos, tres, quatro" and so on up to "cero." Sometimes just long counts of "uno, uno, uno, uno, uno" Now interestingly enough, the Spanish numbers stop and I hear a female voice repeating in English "five, two, nine; five two nine; five two nine. Then a series of clicks, clacks and a a long period (maybe 20 minutes) of what sounds like heavy 60 Hz hum. Then back to male English repeating "one, two, three; one, two, three." And underneath the male voice I hear a female voice repeating the "five, two, nine" routine again and what sounds like audio feedback. The station abruptly goes down at 1659Z. Maybe they can't afford a dummy load, or didn't know they were actually on the air or just didn't care, but these guys were certainly adjusting their numbers transmissions' audio."

Another example: on Feb.7, 1997 a carrier came up on 14787 around 1515Z. Steady carrier for about 5 min. Then FSK vvvvv's. Then 75bd 4646464646's. Then 100bd 4646464's followed by a carrier. The 300.05 bd data (I assume was IRA-ARQ). Then about 30 minutes of adjusting voice generation equipment again in both Spanish and English. Then on to CW "989 20" repeated then on to 20 group text with lots of 12345's in it (obviously test tfc). Then turns keyer speed up to about 45 WPM and more test CW. Finishes with 989 TTTTT (real typical ex-KGB style, right?). Finally goes down at 1807Z.

Several times recently, on 14787 after the carrier was on for a while, I heard some "noise" slightly off freq. On tuning exactly 1.75 kHz higher I found a digital signal with following characteristics: 292.75bd 185Hz shift ACF=10. The strange thing is this signal is directly "coupled" with the carrier on 14787. When the carrier on 14787 went down so did the digital 1.75 kHz higher. I don't think it is a mixing product. It's too strong (same signal strength as the carrier below) and very pure. I have heard this on three different occasions now, and always only after the carrier comes up on 14787 for a few minutes first. Almost like the carrier is a "pilot" signal.............

Frequencies / call signs / link id's

The following list contains actual monitoring results of the past two years. First however a list of call signs / links that haven't been reported during the past few years. They may pop up one of these days; you'll never know........

80031, ACD, BLA, BNV, BXL, CMU, DMA, DPL, DSG, EWZ 40, FJN, FRU, GLK, KDN, LSG, NDO, NMZ, OBX, OTD, OWR, PSN, PTF, RCF, RCX 81, RFA, RKG, RKM, RMM, RQO, RSS, RXX, RZJ, SCJ, TRP, UDZ 27, WKL, WNK

Most transmissions come from either Moscow or Cuba. Only a few other locations are known.

Note: station RCF (Moscow) still exists but uses nowadays other call signs; a different one on each link.

Managua WFO (link with MIG - Cuba)
Cuba MIG (link with WFO - Managua)
Cuba COY 851 (link with YFC)
Mexico City GMN (not confirmed)
Baghdad KUA (not confirmed; link with KKK - Moscow)
London UXW (not confirmed; link with RLX - Moscow)
Moscow RCF (now inactive)
Moscow VNB (link with WQL)
Moscow RVV (link with DZR)
Moscow WCD (link with LKF)
Moscow KKK (link with UXW - London)
Moscow RLX (link with KUA - Baghdad)
Moscow RGA (link with BFR)
Moscow RBP 71 (link with RVC 47)
Moscow RK2 (link with M4W - Mossad)
Moscow JSC (link with POU -not 100% certain-)

Other transmissions from Moscow were to CAZ, DKR, EWZ 42, FQX, GOD, JUA, KRN, KUL, NOB, NQX, RAD, RAU, RJA, RKD, RPO, RSZ, UDZ 21, UGO, VKX, VTX; all unid locations.

Note: JSC and POU were both copied on link 00190. It is however not clear whether POU replaced JSC or that JSC and POU are both ends of this link.

Other transmissions from Cuba were to BAR, BPA, HZW, JMS, KAC, NDO, PSN, SPK, WNY, YBU; all unid locations.

Frequency Station ITU Callsign To Link UTC
4491.00 Moscow RUS 12.00
4616.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
4873.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 18.50
4880.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 18.52
5070.00 Moscow RUS 70026 17.54
5426.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
5433.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 15.33
5438.00 Unid ??? 17.24
5753.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 19.00
5775.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 16.10
6798.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 19.15
6803.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
6814.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
6817.88 Moscow RUS 1.00
6842.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 15.25
6872.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
6903.00 Unid RUS 1.00
7444.00 Moscow RUS 70026 12.54
7520.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 16.35
7525.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 16.25
7560.00 Moscow RUS 90223 18.35
7570.00 Moscow RUS 90039 17.50
7635.00 Unid RUS 1.00
7690.00 Unid RUS 1.00
7692.00 Unid ??? 16.35
7718.00 Moscow RUS 3.00
7730.00 Moscow RUS 60179 16.31
7810.00 Moscow RUS WCD LKF 00031 8.12
7821.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 14.50
7823.00 Cuba Relay CUB JMS 00127 12.03
7823.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 16.50
7823.00 Moscow RUS WCD LKF 00031 12.03
7826.00 Moscow RUS VTX 00098 20.14
7887.00 Unid RUS 11.00
7920.00 Russian Emb London G UXW RLX 40034 14.45
8008.00 Unid RUS 1.00
8023.00 Unid ??? LKF WCD 00031 14.02
8032.00 Unid RUS 2.00
8059.00 Moscow RUS RBP 71 RVC 47 20087 17.55
8062.00 Moscow RUS RJA 90051 0.00
8067.00 Moscow RUS 70026 12.43
8089.00 Unid RUS 3.00
8091.00 Moscow RUS 11.00
8110.00 Unid RUS 1.00
8117.00 Moscow RUS 17.40
8165.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 7.27
8165.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 13.55
8169.00 Moscow RUS 60047 16.42
8179.00 Unid RUS 1.00
9031.00 Unid RUS 1.00
9075.00 Moscow RUS CAZ 50002 18.55
9088.00 Moscow RUS POU 00190 17.40
9118.00 Unid RUS 3.00
9127.00 Moscow RUS 30044 16.10
9132.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 19.01
9162.00 Moscow RUS 20043 16.10
9169.00 Moscow RUS 40007 17.35
9172.00 Moscow RUS 12.00
9213.00 Cuba Relay CUB GMN 00119 0.45
9215.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 15.30
9237.00 Unid ??? RVC 47 RBP 71 20087 17.55
9244.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 15.02
9274.00 Moscow RUS 0?016 17.15
9288.00 Moscow RUS NOB 70004 14.25
10125.00 Unid ??? 13.50
10135.00 Moscow RUS 60047 16.53
10140.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 13.55
10156.00 Moscow RUS 3.00
10176.00 Unid RUS 12.00
10178.00 Unid RUS 10.00
10183.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 10.36
10196.00 Unid ??? 10.00
10202.00 Unid ??? 9.25
10218.00 Moscow RUS JUA 50035 15.57
10222.00 Russian Emb London G UWX RLX 40034 18.43
10244.00 Unid ??? 14.45
10260.00 Moscow RUS JUA 50035 17.05
10287.00 Unid ??? JSC 00190 17.40
10327.00 Unid RUS 10.00
10410.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 7.15
10422.00 Cuba Relay CUB BPA 00116 15.26
10422.00 Cuba Relay CUB BAR 00135 15.24
10425.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
10426.00 Unid ??? 15.06
10426.00 Unid ??? WQL VNB 80061 13.08
10427.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
10453.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 15.12
10453.00 Moscow RUS 17.35
10482.00 Moscow RUS RJA 90051 18.18
10482.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 12.30
10482.00 Unid ??? WQL VNB 80061 8.45
10485.00 Unid ??? WQL VNB 80061 16.15
10519.00 Unid RUS 10.00
10582.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 14.20
10584.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 14.19
10586.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 14.25
10588.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
10594.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
10625.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
10627.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
10650.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 16.15
10650.00 Moscow RUS NOB 70004 12.20
10650.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 8.40
10655.00 Moscow RUS NOB 70004 7.55
10658.00 Unid RUS 2.00
10672.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 16.25
10677.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
10686.00 Moscow RUS 12.25
10723.00 Moscow RUS 00097 15.40
10735.00 Moscow RUS RJA 90051 15.32
10744.00 Moscow RUS NQX 00052 9.15
10748.00 Unid ??? 8.08
10760.00 Unid ??? 10075 15.05
10762.00 Unid ??? 14.48
10767.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 15.00
10767.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 15.00
10767.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 7.30
10767.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 9.00
10817.00 Moscow RUS 60069 15.40
10850.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 19.04
10855.00 Unid RUS 10.41
10865.00 Moscow RUS 17.05
10912.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 8.55
10915.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 15.05
11024.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 14.32
11024.00 Moscow RUS 30044 9.59
11024.00 Moscow RUS 30088 14.20
11027.00 Moscow RUS NOB 70004 14.00
11051.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 8.05
11051.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
11060.00 Unid RUS 2.00
11070.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
11112.00 Moscow RUS RLX UXW 40034 16.25
11132.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 12.00
11143.00 Moscow RUS 12.27
11402.00 Unid RUS 15.56
11412.00 Moscow RUS 60069 16.12
11413.00 Moscow RUS 60069 15.36
11421.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 15.27
11426.00 Unid ??? WQL VNB 80061 8.47
11428.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 8.35
11433.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 15.50
11434.00 Moscow RUS 10042 18.25
11436.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 15.40
11440.00 Russian Emb Baghdad IRQ KUA KKK 30022 11.31
11446.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
11460.00 Unid ??? DZR RVV 00149 15.32
11468.00 Unid ??? DZR RVV 00149 14.26
11477.00 Moscow RUS 14.40
11480.00 Moscow RUS 12.00
11487.00 Moscow RUS 30044 14.38
11502.00 Moscow RUS 11.00
11507.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 15.05
11523.00 Cuba Relay CUB GMN 00119 0.45
11527.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 10.50
11527.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 15.40
11541.00 Moscow RUS JUA 50035 17.13
11562.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 6.23
11567.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 13.08
12111.00 Moscow RUS NOB 70004 13.20
12111.00 Moscow RUS UDZ 21 20054 15.17
12112.00 Moscow RUS RBP 71 RVC 47 20087 15.43
12124.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 12.05
12128.00 Moscow RUS 06019 10.15
12130.00 Moscow RUS VTX 00098 15.55
12132.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 9.20
12134.00 Moscow RUS VTX 00098 15.35
12136.00 Unid ??? DZR RVV 00149 15.32
12137.00 Unid ??? 00162 10.10
12139.00 Unid ??? 15.53
12145.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 11.08
12146.00 Moscow RUS 10042 11.43
12150.00 Moscow RUS 12.00
12151.00 Unid ??? 15.15
12152.00 Unid ??? 17.17
12152.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 9.45
12155.00 Unid ??? 8.03
12156.00 Moscow RUS RCF 14.54
12156.00 Moscow RUS 7.54
12157.00 Moscow RUS RAD 9.18
12158.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 8.40
12160.00 Moscow RUS 9.25
12167.00 Moscow RUS NOB 70004 12.50
12171.00 Moscow RUS NOB 70004 12.55
12173.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
12173.00 Unid RUS 2.00
12174.00 Moscow RUS NQX 00052 13.30
12177.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 11.10
12177.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
12177.00 Moscow RUS NOB 70004 12.50
12178.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 14.10
12180.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 15.12
12180.00 Moscow RUS RAU 00070 14.28
12181.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
12181.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
12183.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
12185.00 Cuba Relay CUB COY 851 YFC 00103 14.00
12193.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 14.15
12194.00 Moscow RUS NQX 00052 9.43
12195.00 Unid ??? GOD 00090 16.30
12196.00 Cuba Relay CUB MIG WFO 00125 19.57
12196.00 Cuba Relay CUB MIG WFO 00125 14.45
12197.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 14.12
12197.00 Moscow RUS NOB 70004 13.00
12198.00 Moscow RUS KUL 00142 14.10
12198.00 Unid RUS 2.00
12202.00 Unid RUS 10.00
12211.00 Moscow RUS RLX UXW 40034 9.26
12223.00 Moscow RUS UDZ 21 20054 17.30
12228.00 Moscow RUS 70026 10.09
12239.00 Unid ??? BFR RGA 00030 15.05
12262.00 Unid ??? 12.40
12332.00 Moscow RUS 10042 14.36
13016.00 Cuba Relay CUB MIG WFO 00125 14.17
13384.00 Moscow RUS 10042 8.22
13392.00 Moscow RUS VTX 00098 8.19
13393.00 Moscow RUS FQX 60003 15.56
13393.00 Cuba Relay CUB HZW 00117 20.00
13398.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
13417.00 Moscow RUS 11.00
13418.00 Moscow RUS RBP 71 RVC 47 20087 14.20
13420.00 Moscow RUS 12.41
13422.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 10.20
13425.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 8.53
13429.00 Moscow RUS VNB WQL 80061 10.29
13430.00 Moscow RUS 00097 15.27
13443.00 Moscow RUS 9.00
13450.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 8.00
13457.00 Moscow RUS 13.19
13459.00 Unid ??? 12.50
13460.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 15.43
13462.00 Moscow RUS 6.42
13489.00 Unid RUS 10.00
13503.00 Moscow RUS RLX UXW 40034 10.00
13506.00 Moscow RUS RLX UXW 40034 9.10
13507.00 Moscow RUS RLX UXW 40034 9.20
13508.00 Moscow RUS 7.00
13520.00 Unid ??? 11.00
13530.00 Moscow RUS 12311 8.00
13557.00 Unid RUS 1.00
13584.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
13835.00 Cuba Relay CUB COY 851 YFC 00103 13.39
13838.00 Cuba Relay CUB COY 851 YFC 00103 13.37
13850.00 Moscow RUS NQX 00052 13.30
13858.00 Moscow RUS 11.22
13867.88 Moscow RUS 12.32
13877.00 Moscow RUS RAU 00070 7.00
13880.00 Moscow RUS RAU 00070 8.10
13982.00 Moscow RUS 60047 8.39
14363.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 8.38
14364.00 Unid ??? RVC 47 RBP 71 20087 13.41
14373.00 Cuba Relay CUB KAC 00128 20.55
14377.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 8.42
14377.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 8.19
14387.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
14393.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
14398.00 Unid RUS 1.00
14401.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
14402.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
14402.00 Moscow RUS 10.05
14408.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 9.45
14412.00 Moscow RUS FQX 60003 16.00
14416.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
14417.00 Unid ??? YFC COY 851 00103 13.30
14418.00 Unid RUS 2.00
14419.00 Moscow RUS 13.31
14420.88 Moscow RUS 13.36
14421.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
14427.00 Russian Emb London G UXW RLX 40034 9.27
14434.00 Moscow RUS 14.55
14455.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 15.36
14465.00 Unid ??? KRN 00178 17.43
14473.88 Moscow RUS 90039 12.07
14474.00 Moscow RUS 90039 12.07
14475.00 Moscow RUS 60047 8.16
14496.00 Unid ??? 20076 12.20
14506.00 Unid RUS 6.00
14525.00 Unid ??? 20076 12.25
14532.00 Moscow RUS UDZ 21 20054 15.00
14563.20 Unid RUS 2.00
14577.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 14.59
14587.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 14.50
14589.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 14.37
14605.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 15.01
14605.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 16.10
14605.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 10.40
14608.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 15.00
14622.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 12.18
14622.00 Russian Emb Baghdad IRQ KUA KKK 30022 10.56
14624.00 Russian Emb Baghdad IRQ KUA KKK 30022 11.15
14625.00 Moscow RUS RSZ 00099 14.28
14630.00 Moscow RUS 11.48
14632.00 Russian Emb Baghdad IRQ KUA KKK 30022 12.30
14638.00 Moscow RUS 30011 10.55
14640.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 15.12
14642.00 Unid RUS 2.00
14642.00 Moscow RUS 30011 10.50
14642.00 Moscow RUS 10042 7.53
14643.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 9.40
14648.00 Moscow RUS 00198 11.30
14649.00 Moscow RUS 9.00
14657.00 Moscow RUS 7.50
14659.00 Unid RUS 10.00
14660.00 Moscow RUS 10042 9.15
14686.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
14713.00 Unid RUS 9.20
14713.00 Moscow RUS 12.00
14724.50 Cuba Relay CUB BAR 00135 15.15
14726.00 Unid RUS 10.00
14727.00 Cuba Relay CUB BPA 00116 18.00
14728.88 Unid RUS 1.00
14736.00 Cuba Relay CUB MIG WFO 00125 14.18
14817.00 Moscow RUS 43323 8.33
14820.00 Moscow RUS 14.20
14820.00 Moscow RUS EWZ 42 15.55
14821.00 Moscow RUS 40023 8.38
14822.00 Moscow RUS 60069 16.21
14823.00 Unid RUS 10.00
14823.00 Moscow RUS 6.00
14823.00 Moscow RUS 11.00
14824.00 Moscow RUS 13.07
14830.00 Unid ??? BFR RGA 00030 15.22
14830.00 Unid ??? BFR RGA 00030 14.40
14832.00 Unid ??? 16.05
14834.00 Moscow RUS RKD 16.10
14838.00 Unid RUS 2.00
14842.00 Unid RUS 15.10
14852.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 11.00
14854.00 Moscow RUS 16.58
14854.00 Moscow RUS UDZ 21 20054 16.35
14863.00 Unid RUS 11.53
14865.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
14866.00 Moscow RUS 60069 7.44
14869.00 Moscow RUS 10.35
14870.00 Moscow RUS 14.33
14870.00 Unid RUS 2.00
14892.00 Unid RUS 2.00
14894.00 Moscow RUS 13.44
14900.00 Moscow RUS 13.31
14917.00 Moscow RUS RJA 90051 9.57
14927.00 Moscow RUS 7.28
14938.00 Moscow RUS 10.34
14941.00 Cuba Relay CUB WNY 00139 18.00
14942.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
14946.00 Moscow RUS 9.26
14947.00 Moscow RUS 30088 10.07
14950.00 Unid RUS 14.30
14971.00 Moscow RUS RAU 00070 14.10
14973.00 Moscow RUS RAU 00070 14.12
14974.00 Moscow RUS RAU 00070 14.12
14977.00 Moscow RUS RAU 00070 14.12
14980.00 Moscow RUS RAU 00070 14.10
14985.00 Moscow RUS RAU 00070 14.10
14986.00 Moscow RUS 14.15
15612.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
15678.00 Moscow RUS NQX 00052 11.50
15678.00 Moscow RUS NQX 00052 12.44
15684.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
15696.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 11.50
15696.00 Moscow RUS 14.50
15702.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 10.48
15707.00 Moscow RUS 60047 13.00
15708.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 15.30
15710.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 14.58
15712.00 Moscow RUS 11.50
15722.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 11.05
15724.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 8.29
15733.00 Moscow RUS 30088 12.05
15735.00 Moscow RUS FQX 60003 17.30
15735.00 Moscow RUS FQX 60003 16.00
15771.00 Moscow RUS RSZ 00099 15.20
15826.00 Moscow RUS RLX UXW 40034 9.45
15826.00 Unid ??? 9.30
15836.00 Moscow RUS RAD 12.53
15836.00 Moscow RUS 12.05
15845.00 Moscow RUS 07039 10.00
15845.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
15879.00 Moscow RUS 00198 11.32
15880.00 Moscow RUS 12.50
15889.00 Cuba Relay CUB SPK 00168 16.00
16008.00 Moscow RUS 10163 9.20
16018.00 Moscow RUS 10163 12.33
16032.00 Moscow RUS 30088 9.55
16054.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 10.10
16054.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 10.46
16064.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 10.53
16066.00 Moscow RUS 11230 9.43
16081.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 9.33
16108.00 Moscow RUS 7.54
16108.00 Moscow RUS UDZ 21 20054 11.50
16108.00 Moscow RUS UDZ 21 20054 7.06
16116.00 Moscow RUS 60047 10.50
16119.00 Unid RUS 9.00
16120.00 Unid ??? 40078 9.40
16121.00 Unid RUS 2.00
16129.00 Mossad ISR M4W RK2 8.30
16145.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
16153.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 8.35
16153.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
16154.00 Moscow RUS DKR 70060 8.45
16154.88 Moscow RUS 1.00
16155.00 Moscow RUS 10.05
16165.00 Moscow RUS 1.00
16168.00 Moscow RUS 30044 15.20
16214.00 Moscow RUS FQX 60003 9.54
16214.00 Moscow RUS 60015 10.25
16218.00 Cuba Relay CUB HZW 00117 20.00
16225.00 Cuba Relay CUB BPA 00116 14.45
16226.00 Cuba Relay CUB YBU 00148 14.00
16232.00 Moscow RUS FQX 60003 8.50
16242.00 Moscow RUS RSZ 00099 17.00
16242.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 9.40
16242.00 Moscow RUS 4.00
16244.00 Moscow RUS RJA 90051 8.33
16245.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 11.00
16247.00 Moscow RUS RK2 M4W 8.29
16252.00 Moscow RUS RVV DZR 00149 11.47
16253.00 Moscow RUS RJA 90051 9.55
16254.00 Unid ??? 20076 8.10
16255.00 Moscow RUS POU 00190 7.06
16257.00 Moscow RUS RJA 90051 8.37
16273.00 Moscow RUS VTX 00098 8.15
16277.00 Moscow RUS 60069 11.15
16277.00 Moscow RUS 11.19
16277.00 Moscow RUS 80050 10.05
16285.00 Unid ??? 00177 8.45
16285.00 Moscow RUS RSZ 00099 8.40
16294.00 Moscow RUS 00029 11.12
16305.00 Unid ??? UGO 50079 9.30
16312.00 Unid RUS 2.00
16320.00 Unid ??? 40078 9.30
16324.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 11.40
16332.00 Moscow RUS 10042 8.55
16340.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 14.10
16340.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 11.15
16342.00 Moscow RUS 10042 11.28
16344.00 Moscow RUS KKK KUA 30022 11.40
16446.00 Unid ??? KRN 00178 17.35
16446.00 Cuba Relay CUB WNY 00139 19.09
16841.00 Cuba Relay CUB JMS 00127 22.30
17402.00 Moscow RUS 10042 8.08
17421.00 Moscow RUS JUA 50035 13.35
17422.00 Moscow RUS 60047 8.25
17465.00 Moscow RUS RSZ 00099 10.44
17465.00 Moscow RUS RSZ 00099 13.45
17474.00 Unid ??? 10163 9.10
17533.00 Moscow RUS 30088 10.15
18092.00 Moscow RUS FQX 60003 8.42
18092.00 Moscow RUS FQX 60003 14.22
18183.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
18185.00 Cuba Relay CUB GMN 00119 16.54
18206.00 Moscow RUS JUA 50035 9.35
18225.00 Moscow RUS VKX 00166 11.00
18245.00 Moscow RUS 60047 10.30
18247.00 Unid ??? 10079 9.30
18250.00 Moscow RUS JUA 50035 9.36
18251.00 Moscow RUS 00063 12.20
18332.00 Moscow RUS 10042 9.14
18338.88 Moscow RUS 00096 10.35
18345.00 Moscow RUS 2.00
18346.88 Moscow RUS 00096 10.30
18420.00 Unid ??? UGO 50079 11.30
18424.00 Moscow RUS 10042 14.05
18440.00 Moscow RUS 11.40
18575.00 Moscow RUS 11.18
18580.00 Moscow RUS 10.45
18585.00 Moscow RUS CAZ 50002 10.10
18610.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 10.35
18695.00 Moscow RUS 9.31
18752.00 Moscow RUS 60069 7.31
18803.00 Cuba Relay CUB YBU 00148 14.10
18835.00 Moscow RUS RGA BFR 00030 14.35
18844.00 Cuba Relay CUB BPA 00116 16.25
18965.00 Cuba Relay CUB SPK 00168 16.00
19088.00 Cuba Relay CUB WNY 00139 18.00
19354.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 8.14
19412.00 Moscow RUS CAZ 50002 10.05
19559.00 Mossad ISR M4W RK2 8.30
20042.00 Moscow RUS FQX 60003 8.50
20140.00 Cuba Relay CUB YBU 00148 22.00
20340.00 Moscow RUS 10042 11.10
20412.00 Moscow RUS 10.00
20443.00 Unid ??? 8.38
20690.00 Moscow RUS RPO 80038 11.47
20731.00 Cuba Relay CUB GMN 00119 17.45
21865.00 Cuba Relay CUB BPA 00116 16.00

Russian Civil Railway Authority

Mode: '81-81' 40.5bd / 500 Hz

Freqs: 12184 (logged between 08.30-09.30 UTC), 14985, 16315 kHz (both logged between 07.30-08.30 UTC)

Abbreviations

SOUD - Sisteme Objedinennowo Utschotja Dannych o protiwnike
System of mutual gathering of data about the enemy
MB - Ministertsvo Bezopasnosti
Ministry of Security
KGB - Komitet Gosudarstvennaya Bezopasnosti
Committee of State Security
FSB - Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti
Federal Security Service
(Formerly known as 'FSK' Federalnaya Sluzhba Kontrazvedky
-the Federal Counterintelligence Service-)
GRU - Glavnoye Razvedyvatelnoye Upravlenie
Military Intelligence
SVR - Sluzhba Vneshnoi Razvedky
Foreign Intelligence Service
FAPSI - Federalnoe Agentstvo Pravitelstvennoy svyazi i informatsii
Federal Agency for Government Communications and Information
CSR - Centralnaya Sluzhbza Razvedky
Central Intelligence Bureau
PSB - Prezidentskaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti
Presidential Security Service

Acknowledgements

Info, skeds, logs and comments were supplied by a number of dedicated and long time 'Brotherhood/SOUD' monitors and WUN members. Thank you all for your input. I couldn't have done it without your help!

Research / sources

Various articles and documents from:


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