Second edition of the N&O column / Spooks newsletter

(Date: Tue, 09 Jun 1998 22:15:09 +0200)

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Introduction to Voice Numbers Stations

by Chris Smolinski

Chances are, most shortwave listeners who tune outside the established broadcast bands will eventually stumble upon a voice, usually female, reading out a series of numbers. The seasoned numbers enthusiast will discover that the morse code stations are by far the most common, and seem to be conveying the bulk of the traffic. But the voice stations are special, each seems to have it's own unique charm and flavor. Unlike many of the morse code stations, all of the voice stations have a name, and while the ENIGMA classification system helps to avoid confusion, I think the name of the station is important also, since it gives a feel for the station's character. We'll take a look at these stations individually in depth, but first here's a brief overview of the more common stations:

The Counting Station (E5 and V5)

This station is rumored to be run by the US CIA. It is known to transmit from Warrenton Training Center site(s) SW of Washington DC, which are listed as being part of the NCS. It is also believed to transmit from sites outside the US, presumably at US military bases, and possibly US intelligence sites.

This station gets it's name from the count heard at the beginning of each transmission, followed by a three digit identifier (rpt three times), believed to be the address of the recipient. For example "1234567890 798 798 798". This is sent for ten minutes. Then ten tones are heard, followed by the length of the message, for example "COUNT 215". The message is then sent using 5FG groups with a definate pause between the third and fourth digits, leading them to be referred to as 3/2FG groups. The entire message is then resent.

The Counting Station uses both English and Spanish. A German language version of this station has been inactive. Transmissions start on the hour. The technical quality is usually quite excellent.

See also Newsletter 14.

Lincolnshire Poacher (E3)

This station is rumored to be run by British Intelligence, and believed to transmit from Cyprus, with targets in the Middle East. It is on the air using two or three of the following frequencies in USB: 5422, 5746, 6485, 6900, 6959, 7337, 7755, 7887, 8464, 9251, 10225, 10426, 11545, 12603, 13375, 14487, 15682, 16084, 16413, and 16457

Format: On the hour, several bars from the tune "Lincolnshire Poacher" will be played twelve times on an instrument that sounds like a calliope. When done, a synthesized female voice with an English accent will repeat a five digit message identifier (or possibly a decode key) ten times. The process of the tune and message number will repeat a total of five times until ten minutes past the hour. At this time, a two-tone door bell chime will be sounded three times. The synthesized female voice will then proceed into exactly 200 five figure groups; each repeated twice (5FGx2). This "message" will continue until :45 past the hour. When complete, the chime will sound three more times, and the Lincolnshire Poacher tune played once more. It should be noted that the tune is a well known folk song in a certain portion of England. The station is frequently jammed. Curiously, the 1st, 3rd, and 5th digits of each five figure group are overly emphasized. (i.e. SEVEN two FIVE three SIX). [Thanks to John Maky for this description]

There is a sister station, called Cherry Ripe, which uses a different tune, and is believed to transmit to targets in Asia.

The "Cherry Ripe" designation is E4, it is discussed in Newsletter 4.
More on E3 can also be found in Newsletter 4.

Mossad (E10)

MOSSAD stations are peculiar for using phonetic letters rather than numbers to convey the message. These stations may be heard throughout the day. Transmissions begin at the hour, and at quarter-past, half-past, and quarter-till the hour. A three letter phonetic identifier is repeated, sometimes with a number appended at the end. Commonly, a 1 is used to indicate that no message will follow, a 2 means a message will follow. If a message follows, the length is given, and then the message is sent. Then this is repeated. Quite rarely, the format of this station changes radically. Strings of letters and numbers are repeatedly sent, sometimes for days. Interestingly, this sometimes corresponds to periods of international crisis, at least in the Middle East.

Most transmissions are in USB mode, sometimes in AM. The technical quality is usually quite good, although the stations have a habit of making false starts a few minutes early, stopping, and then starting back up again. In addition to transmissions from Israel, other sites are believed to include embassies and consulates, based on propagation information.

Actually a trailing "2" in the call sign does not mean a message will follow. It apparently has the same meaning as "1" i.e. no message will follow.
Tranmissions with messages are usually just identified by three letters. See also Newsletter 6.  

Atencion Stations (V2)

These stations get their name from the YL voice heard repeating "Atencion", followed by the recipient ID numbers. Two distinct formats for these stations exist. The most common has three messages sent in each transmission. The preamble announcement has all three recipient IDs, for example "Atencion 48398 84873 92834". This is repeated for a few minutes. Then the message to the first recipient is sent, followed by the second and the third. The message length is always 150 groups.

In the second format, the preamble might be "Atencion 245 01", then "01 51" would be repeated, indicating 51 groups will be sent. The 01 may be the recipient number. This format is much more rare than the first.

Atencion stations, generally, have poor technical quality. It is not uncommon for there to be hum or other audio problems, or for transmissions to stop and start again. These transmissions are believed to come from Cuba.

More on V2 can also be found in Newsletter 4.

Russian Man (E6)

This station is believed to originate in Russia, although like other numbers stations, various transmitter sites may be used. This station repeats a three digit identifier, believed to be the recipient number. Then another three digit number (of unknown purpose) is said twice, followed by the message length, also said twice. The message is then sent, in five digit blocks, with each block repeated. After the message is sent, the three digit number (of unknown purpose) and the message length are each said twice, and then five zeros are said. It is common for Russian number stations to close with five zeros.

Many langauges are used by this station, including Russian, English, and Spanish. Signal strengths are often quite good. This station is unusual in that it does not maintain a fixed freq. schedule, but picks different frequencies every week. Often, however, a broadcast is repeated the following night on the same frequency.

See also Newsletter 8.

Two Letter (E16 and G15)

This used to be an extremely active station. Then, the number of transmissions and active callsigns started to diminish, almost to the point where the station seemed ready to completely fade away. Now, it seems to possibly be on the rebound.

This station plays a short melody of electronic notes, and then a female voice announces the callsign, which is two phonetic letters, such as Mike Delta. This process repeats for around five minutes. The voice then announces who the message is for, and the number of groups, and then sends the message, as five digit numbers with a pause after the third digit (3/2 format). Each group is repeated. The voice then says "End" to conclude the transmission.

See also Newsletter 5 for E16 and G15.

Swedish Rhapsody (G2)

A rather bizzare European operation, this station plays the tune of the same name on a music box, along with a female voice announcing the identifier in German. This is repeated for a few minutes, until the voice says "Achtung" and reads out the message in five digit groups, repeating each group. She then closes with "Ende". The female voice is extremely high pitched, almost to the point of being difficult to understand. This station has been heard since the 1950's, and may be the longest running numbers station in operation.

That concludes this introduction to some of the more often heard voice numbers stations. Next, we'll try to start focusing in on individual stations, and briefly cover some of the less common stations. If you have any suggestions, comments, additions, or corrections, please don't hesitate to email me.

See also Newsletter 8

E5 & V5 - Couting Station 'Cynthia'

This lengthy piece was written by P.S. in Saffron Walden with additional material from ENIGMA readers. Many thanks to Simon Mason and the ENIGMA group for this article and Bob Roehrig for maintaining the schedules.

Introduction

The newcomer to the numbers scene soon comes to recognise certain voice stations which are heard on a regular basis. One of the most distinctive of these is the English language counting station, which has a female voice with a distinct American accent speaking five figure groups. She has been around certainly since the 1970's at least; she can he heard on any day of the week; she has been noted in the early morning, around midday, at various times in the afternoon, and during the evening

I first became aware of this particular lady towards the end of 1990; I was not all that interested in numbers stations then, being more a fan of the radioteletype transmissions from the various news agencies which were still using HF RTTY. As I tuned around looking for the characteristic frequency shift carrier of teletype in full flow I would often come across this American lady who seemed to speak only groups of numbers The transmissions were usually very strong, often almost as strong as and in a few cases stronger than many AM stations in the shortwave broadcast bands. Since she seemed to be on the air every time I tuned around in the evenings, and it was clear there was a definite schedule with regard to the day of the week and the time of day, so I decided to keep a log of her activities. I have continued to take an interest in her ever since and my observations form the basis of this article.

Format

For those not familiar with the lady in question, a description of the format might he useful. Transmissions begin on the hour, her time-keeping is usually pretty good, starting within a second or two of the hour indicated by a watch set up against the Greenwich "pips", although in the past she has been noted on a few rare occasions starting up to half a minute or so early or late. She speaks a three figure call which is repeated three times followed by "1234567890"; this continues for ten minutes. At ten minutes past the hour ten one-second bursts of audio tone are sent and she says "count" followed by a two or three digit number; this is then spoken again as is the number of five figure groups containing the encoded message which will follow. The message is then spoken, and there is a distinct pause between the third and fourth figure 50 the groups might more correctly be described as "three plus two" figure groups rather than five figure. This done, she says "repeat", followed by 'count" and its number, again spoken twice, and the message is spoken a second time, finally finishing up with "end".

(* nearly always - Ed)

Modes

The mode of transmission is a little unusual; it is upper sideband with carrier, or to put it another way AM but with the lower sideband suppressed whichever way you want to look at it, it can be copied quite well on an AM receiver, provided the signal is reasonably strong, but sounds much better with the receiver in USB mode especially if the signal is weak or if there is co-channel interference as is often the case these days.

Once te transmission has ended, the carrier usually stays on for a few minutes at least; this has a characteristic background noise which is difficult to describe but is very distinctive and Soon comes to be associated with the American accented lady. The engine noise does not seem to be quite as common as was the case a few years ago hut carriers are still noisy. The use of USB is becoming more common.

Voices are not the only sounds emitted by Cynthia's transmitters, A number of monitors have noted the presence of data signals close to, or borne on the same carrier as that transmitted by the Counting Stations. The two data signals heard thus far are as follows:

Neither of these systems can be decoded with even high-grade amateur telegraphy analysis equipment. In general, the signals can be heard as follows. The Counting Station appears on frequency (often up to an hour before the voice transmission time) and sends carrier plus the usual noise associated with the station when idle. At about 20 or 40 minutes before the voice transmission, the noise will stop to be replaced by the fast P5K signal, which has a very harsh, wideband, rushing "white noise" sound. The P5K signal is only present for a few minutes and is offset from the Counting Station's carrier by about 2kHz.

About five minutes before voice transmission time, the PSK signal stops, to be replaced by a plain carrier. The voice transmission then follows. Often, at the conclusion of the voice transmission, the 109.8 bd FSK signal will appear, again only on-air for a few minutes.

What can we infer from this behaviour? Almost certainly, the Counting Stations transmit messages (perhaps even the same message) to different grades of users. Those with the highest security risk resorting to pen and paper using the voice transmissions. The middle grade users have the decoder for the 109.8 bd signal and the lowest grade using the P8K signal -such as embassies who need to monitor messages to certain agents.

Frequencies

A variety of frequencies used by this lady over the years ranges from 4007 kHz at the lower end of the HF part of the spectrum to 29790 kHz almost VHF - noted in use on Sunday afternoons during the winter of 1992. At times the choice of some of the frequencies used is rather strange; for example at the time of writing a couple of her favourite channels are inside internationally agreed broadcast bands with consequent QRM from strong broadcast stations making copy extremely difficult for the numbers enthusiast, the use of such frequencies perhaps suggests that the intended recipient may be outside the European target area.

Perhaps the strangest choice of frequencies was also during late 1991 and early 1992 when she was noted using a couple of frequencies in the 27MHz band resulting in mutual ORM with the Spanish and Italian kilowatt CBers which infest that part of the dial when conditions are right. In order to ensure the message gets through, usually two - and on a few rare occasions three or even four - frequencies running in parallel are employed, which are typically two or three MHz apart, and even where we are only aware of one there is no doubt another one somewhere which we have not been clever enough to find! A compilation of all the frequencies used by this lady gives the last seven years gives a total not far off 100.

Agency

So perhaps at this point we might take a few moments to consider on whose behalf this transatlantic temptress works so hard. Perhaps there is clue to the answer to this riddle in the nickname by which she is affectionately known to her followers; whereas she is referred to in the ENIGMA Newsletter as "English language Counting Station E5, she is known to her followers by the much more romantic sounding name of CYNTHIA. Why? Well, perhaps because her voice is sampled or synthesised by computer techniques, but if we take the first letter of her name together with the last two we have the initials of the intelligence organisation who arc her employers, and who have their head office in Langley, Virginia, U.S.A this is not to say that when we hear her she comes to us directly from a site up the Potomac River from Washington D.C.; to be heard as strongly as she is on this side of the Atlantic she must be relayed from transmitters in Europe located in countries friendly to the United States.

Locations

The whole subject of transmitter locations is made more difficult with this particular station due to its world-wide coverage and reliance on host countries. We will start with the mainland United States and work towards Europe.

Other formats ('control' transmissions)

As well as the frequently heard 5 figure transmissions, our Cynthia has also appeared on the air in another form (E14). At one time she could be heard daily with transmissions of ten minutes duration in which she spoke a short message of four figure groups, usually two or three 4 figure groups, occasionally four or five - even six or seven have been noted. These 4 Figure transmissions went out several times a day, unlike standard messages these particular transmissions always started on the half hour. The first one of which I became aware was in late 1992 which used to start at 17.30 UTC on two frequencies in parallel, 5205 and 8560 kHz. These were usually very strong signals, especially the 5215 outlet; the typically noisy carrier would be on some time before the start of the voice - I recall one Saturday afternoon when the carrier appeared on 5205 kHz a good two hours before transmission time. At exactly 17.30 UTC ten short audio tones would be sent and Cynthia would go straight into her 4 figure groups; these would be repeated over and over for ten minutes and then she would stop. By the middle of 1994, a third frequency had been added to run in parallel with the existing two, 12285 kHz so we can assume these short 4 future messages must have had some particular importance to be given so much in the way of transmitting resources. Also at about this time there were 4 figure transmissions at 07.30 UTC and two separate 4 figures, each using two freqs in parallel, at 13.30 UTC, with farther 4 figures at 00.30 01.30, 06.30 & 07.30 UTC. Response from the United States indicated that the same format was also running in Spanish at 00.30 02.30, 10.30 & 18.30 UTC. However, both the English and Spanish language transmissions are no longer in existence having left the airwaves towards the end of 1995 -by which time the 17.30 UTC had moved to 11072//13465 kHz- no doubt having served their purpose, whatever that may have been.

German language

It is worth recalling that at one time there was also a German language (G5) counting station which used the Cynthia format, and all the evidence was that this was operated by the same organisation. This was a rarer find than the American English version, and the German language version was regularly noted from the mid-1980's. The style was exactly the same, a three digit call spoken three times followed by 'eins zwo drei vier funf sechs seben acht neun null the German for '5" was pronounced "funf' in contrast to the 'funef' of number stations whose origins are more to the east, after ten minutes of this, ten audio tones and the word "gruppen' followed by the number of 5 figure groups to follow, this repeated and then into the message. In the ENIGMA sound archives we have tapes of a very short-lived version which used the word 'zwei' instead of 'zwo' and ended 'zero' instead of 'null'.

The German language version of this station seemed to cease operations during 1995, another 'victim of the redundancies brought about by the end of the Cold War; my own last logging was in March of 1995 on 6780/9219 kHz, two frequencies which interestingly, are still used by Cynthia.

Before leaving the subject of the German version it is worth recalling an event from early in 1995; on Sunday afternoons there 'was a well established slot for the German language version on 9070 kHz at 16.00 UTC; I checked it out on a couple of Sundays during January, however when I tuned in again on 19 February, the German YL had been replced by Cynthia, and she turned up on Sundays at 16:00 ever since.

Spanish language

The CIA have not restricted themselves to just American English and German, a well established Spanish language network also exists, and is still active, (V5), although primarily these transmissions are not well received in Europe and are most likely sent over transmitters situated in North America for agents in the Central and South American region, an area in which the USA maintains considerable interest. We are primarily looking at European operations in this feature so I will not expand on the Spanish language activities at this time.

English accent

You 'will have also noted that we have used the term American English so far puzzled? Well, there is also an English accent version of Cynthia, a recording of which exists in the ENIGMA sound archives. The station used the standard (E5) format but the voice used had a distinct English accent. She was very rare catch indeed and was last heard calling '250' with a 102 group message on March 1995.

Jamming

If there are those amongst us who like to take an interest in Cynthia's activities, then there have been times when others have put a lot of effort into trying to prevent her from being heard at all, by which I mean the situation which existed a few years ago when many of the transmissions were subjected to very effective jamming. This was a regular occurrence when I first became an enthusiast during the early nineties. It took the form of a carrier which was swept slightly either side of the channel which produced a characteristic kind of interference which usually made copy pretty well impossible - something similar can still be heard on some of the "Lincolnshire Poacher (E3) transmissions. Sometimes those controlling the jammers would allow the ten-minute "call-up" to progress and then switch the jammers on just before the 5 figures were due to start. Often during a long transmission, it was quite common to hear the jammers go oft after around 25 minutes or so and then come back on again, no doubt the oerators having taken time out to listen to see if Cynthia was still there and on finding that she was, turning the jammer back on again.

The jammers never quite got the hang of call-up '383'. This was a most peculiar call which had the standard 10 minute preamble, but as the last tone sounded, abruptly went off air and never sent any messages. Jamming would commence during the call-up and continue until the Cynthia was checked and found to be absent. The (E14) 4 figure 'control' messages also attracted the attention of the jammers who did seem to realise that these particular transmissions were indeed only 10 minutes in length.

The occasions on which lamming was observed gradually became less frequent and had ceased entirely by the middle of 1994. However, after having been absent for some time the jammers returned briefly during the late summer of 1996. On Saturday 3rd August at 20.00 UTC. on 7746/19160 kHz a jammer came on just after the ten minute warm up had finished, and again on Monday 5th August at 20.00 on the same frequencies. This 20.00 Saturday and Monday slot was subjected to the jammers a couple more times during August 1996 since when. happily nothing further has been heard of them. As far as I am aware, no other Cynthia transmissions were given the jammer treatment at that time. Who was spending so much time and transmitter power in operating the jammers? It must be a country at odds with the foreign policy aims of the USA: with the demise of the Soviet Union, that leaves a small number of Middle Eastern countries, and in particular Iraq. Perhaps Saddam Hussein's merry men had a sneaking suspicion that the messages were directed at CIA agents operating inside Iraq and decided to try and block the route by which they received their instructions.

Mistakes

Cynthia is noted for her reliability: mistakes and failures during a transmission are few and far between, but they do rarely occur. When something goes wrong with the audio content-with the transmitter still putting out RF - the voice is replaced by an audio pulsed tone to give a "rapid-dash" effect at the rate of about three per second: this remains on until the voice returns, the problem no doubt having been fixed. Such an occurrence was noted on Saturday 22nd June 1096 at 20.00 UTC on 7746/19160 kHz; the transmission failed during the tar minute call-up while Cynthia was calling "514" with about a minute to go before the 5 figures were due. The tones came on and remained on for about three minutes, the voice returning at 20.12 with "count 212 and the transmission proceeding as normal. On Saturday 9th November, a transmission at 16.00 UTC on 10529 kHz went off at 16.04: again tones came on with the voice returning at 16.06. Here the procedure used was "Go back to the beginning and start again" because the call-up continued until 16.16 UTC. Strangest of all was the transmission observed on Wednesday 24th April 1996 at 13.03 UTC on 8116 kHz where there was a Cynthia transmission already into her 5 figures - when she would be expected to be still in the call-up until 13.10. The "repeat' followed by count 196" came at 13.05 UTC, with "end" at 13.23 which means that if the transmissions followed the usual format it must have started at about 12.47. This timing has only been noted very occasionally.

Test transmissions

On rare occasions transmitter tests have been noted on up to 13 frequencies in parallel, these consist of a test tone sent for several hours on a wide spread of Cynthia frequencies. The purpose of these tests is unknown, but certainly gives an indication of the resources available.

Schedules

As mentioned earlier, Cynthia works to a definite schedule, that is to say she turns up at the same time on the same day of the weak on the same freq. these schedules change from time to time. Some of them such as the Sunday 16.00 UTC on 9070 kHz have been around for years while others will only exist for a few weeks. One of the shortest observed schedules was on Saturday and Sundays at 0900 UTO which is a somewhat unusual time of day for Cynthia put in an appearance- in the summer of 1996 on 907O/1679O kHz. This was first noted On Saturday 20th July and last heard on Sunday 18th August, so lasted a month.

On May 1995 it was noticed that there was a 5 figure transmission at the same time of day on every day of the week, at 19.00 UTC on 5153 kHz; this is the only time a Cynthia 5 figure has been observed turning up at the same time and the same place every day. This daily airing took place all through the summer of 1995 until the end of August. Other patterns have included transmissions which ar heard to repeat on the same day and on the same frequencies one hour after the test airing.

Message length

The length of a message i.e. the number of 5F groups-can vary from a figure in the low 40's to 215 which is the maximum number, although this was not always the case; until the end of 1004 the maximum length of a message was 225 groups. Any Cynthia transmission which takes place around the middle of the day, UK time, i.e. 11.00, 12.00 or 13.00 UTC, always has a count of 215. Why this should be so can only be guessed at but perhaps certain opaque' filters are used to take the messages up to 215, or perhaps the messages are for training and practice purposes only rather than serious communications for agents in the field.

Summary

So what is Cynthia getting up to at the present time? Well, she still turns up on every day of the week. Activity remains close to an all time high: up to 50 transmissions noted in one week. Saturday is probably the best day on which to find her, signal strengths are in general weaker than those of 5 or 6 years ago - at least they are for the UK listener.

Reception of several of the transmissions is made difficult by strong utility stations close to the operating frequency, but matters can often be resolved by switching the receiver to CW and tuning for zero beat with the carrier and switch to a narrower IF selectivity. The persistent use of 5850 kHz is strange: it is inside the 49 Metre BC hand with consequent QRM from broadcasters. An American religious station gave up trying to compete on this frequency and moved elsewhere: recently Swiss Radio International and radio Sofia, Bulgaria have taken up residence on 5850 kHz. On the plus side at least the jammers have not paid a visit for a while. There has not been the general shift to USB as I thought there might be; the majority of E5s are still in lop-sided AM.

That's about it: I suppose Cynthia's distinctive voice must have begun with a real live American lady speaking the numbers to be stored in the memory of a computer for the purpose of message synthesis: I sometimes wonder who she is and if she is aware how often she is listened to by some of us number stations enthusiasts. She is the other Voice of America.

Counting Stations (E5 & V5) List #8 of 5 May 1998

(Mode is USB with or without carrier)

UTC

KHZ

M

T

W

T

F

S

S

LANG

NOTES

0000

6780.0

 

 

?

 

?

 

 

EE

//9219

0000

9219.0

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

EE

//6780?

0100

15478.0

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

??

 

0300

6802.0

 

X

 

 

 

X

 

SS

//8418

0300

8418.0

 

X

 

 

 

X

 

SS

//6802

1100

13555.0

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

EE

//14406

1100

14406.0

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

EE

//13555

1200

10223.0

 

 

X

X

 

X

 

EE

 

1200

10597.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

?

EE

 

1200

12221.0

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

??

 

1200

13905.0

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

??

 

1200

15822.0

 

 

 

 

 

?

 

EE

//18240

1200

18240.0

 

 

 

 

 

?

 

EE

//15822

1300

7547.0

 

X

 

 

X

X

 

EE

//10529

1300

10529.0

 

X

 

 

X

X

 

EE

//7547

1500

4470.0

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

EE

//5046

1500

4670.0

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

EE

//5046

1500

5046.0

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

EE

//4670

1500

5046.0

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

EE

//4470

1500

7600.0

 

X

 

 

X

 

 

EE

//10597

1500

8014.0

 

 

X

 

 

 

X

EE

//9274

1500

9274.0

 

 

X

 

 

 

X

EE

//8014

1500

10247.0

 

X

 

 

X

 

 

EE

 

1500

10597.0

 

X

 

 

X

 

 

EE

//7600

1500

12197.0

 

 

 

X

 

 

X

EE

 

1600

11470.0

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

EE

 

1700

6840.0

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

EE

 

1700

6891.0

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

EE

//8085?

1700

7430.0

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

EE

 

1700

8085.0

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

EE

//6891?

1800

6969.0

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

EE

 

1800

8143.0

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

EE

 

1900

5790.0

 

?

?

 

 

 

 

EE

 

1900

13375.0

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

??

 

2000

4470.0

?

 

?

 

 

 

 

EE

//5046

2000

5046.0

?

 

?

 

 

 

 

EE

//4470

2000

6780.0

 

 

?

 

 

 

 

EE

 

2000

6891.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

?

EE

 

2100

9090.0

 

 

X

 

 

 

X

EE

 

See also Newsletter 8

Russian Man - S25

The Russian Man Control transmissions on 14890 kHz at 08.00 UTC and on 11270 kHz at 08.20 UTC, always to 615, have been reduced. The station transmitted on daily basis for years, but since mid-April (maybe even 1 April), the station only transmits on Monday mornings, same frequencies and times.


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