Sixtieth edition of the N&O column / Spooks newsletter

(Date: Fri, 02 May 2003 19:38:55 +0200)

Voice stations | Morse stations | Other modes
Military stations | Intelligence news
Agency profile :Poland | Logs
Index | NS NL Home


Military stations

Czech military stations

Both Fritz Nusser and I have been following these networks for a couple of years and our findings are about the same. We recently compiled our notes which resulted in the following article.

Comments, corrections and additional info are most welcome.

The well known network with net control stations CH8N, S8BD, U4NP is a Czech military network but its purpose is yet unknown. It is not a training network. Discipline is excellent, considerable efforts are put into operation of this network. Frequencies are always kept clear, intruders are distorted with endless series of VVV's. If propagation is worsening QRG is changed within minutes or the power is increased. Frequencies always are spot on, chirping transmissions are repaired within hours.

This morse network operates 24h/7days since at least 3 years. The net consists of one Net Control Station (NSC) and 3 stations in the form of a directed star. The NCS uses collective calls via CQ or individual calls. Stations send messages to the NCS but never to another station. Every station sends around 6 messages per day to the control stations. There is no significant change in the amount of traffic during weekends. There are two daytime/nighttime simplex frequencies in use that are backed up by two duplex frequencies for the NCS. During the month 3 sets of QRAs are being used:

NCS stations CQ
S8BD I4N5, AJV5, U5NR C6CP
U4NP F2TM, M5DT, V2LG HRT6
CH8N A8B5, JG8F, A4PK TR2F

 

Messages mostly consist of 20 groups; very rarely 25 or even 30. It has always around 80 QTCs in 24h, about 28 until morning shift. 4 trigrams indicate a QRG change. Tuning and radio checks are always done within the first 5 min of shift. Net control changes at 2300 UTC and the nets all change when the morning shift starts.

Traffic flow QTCs

NCS to stations : around 80/day
Stations to NCS : around 10/day each
Content of QTCs : encoded, all letters/all figures used
Flash messages : XXX from NCS to CQ, rarely

 

Format

28 21 25 0720 = 178 TR2F = message =CH8N K
28 message nr
21 group count (always 20 groups)
25 day
0720 UTC+1 (summertime UTC+2)
178 TRF2 addressee (CIC - commander in charge)
CH8N sender

 

Samples:

TR2F TR2F TR2F DE CH8N CH8N QTC
28 21 25 0720 =
178 TR2F =
XDKFH EWKPT AXTIB KHMSI TKLUR GEGEM MENMI DNGSJ EETIL CFIXB CLRTK
PRAEO NXOGG DYXOW SRVBV OUXTY HZNAL QSEMI UNCIT OBDTE IPUMD = CH8N K

TR2F TR2F TR2F DE CH8N CH8N 497 497 59210 497 497 59210 K

Sometimes the stations transmit "XXX" messages and operational orders (trigrams). The "name" indicate the CIC + the nick name of the service like: Okrasa 147, Tellur 358, Kondor 510, Oslice 243, Koketa 846, Rozpuk 485, Nocleh 578, etc.

Flash "XXX" messages:

A trigram:

"AJV5 de S8BD 904 008 102 171 409 138 657 003 k"

Operation schedule:

S8BD 3397//2611 1630-0730 UTC until 10-2
  4462//???? 0730-1630 UTC until 10-2
  3158//???? 1730-0700 UTC 1-3 until 3-3
  3337//3849 1730-0700 UTC 3-3 until 10-3
  4929//5239 0700-1730 UTC 1-3 until 3-3
      5-3 until 10-3
  4940//5239 1000-1730 UTC 4-3 (due to QRM BC)
  3808//2599 1800-0600 UTC 1-4 until 10-4
  4929//3808 0600-1800 UTC 1-4 until 10-4
 
U4NP 3273//2504 1630-0730 UTC 11-2 until 20-2
  4856//???? 0730-1630 UTC 11-2 until 15-2
  4931//???? 0730-1630 UTC 15-2 until 20-2
  3334//3843 1730-0700 UTC 11-3 until 20-3
  4993//5797 0700-1730 UTC 11-3 until 20-3
  3843//3388 1800-0600 UTC 11-4 until 20-4
  4751//3843 0600-1800 UTC 11-4 until 20-4
 
CH8N 3247//2731 1630-0730 UTC 21-2 until 28-2
  4632//5050 0730-1630 UTC 21-2 until 28-2
  3380//3803 1730-0700 UTC 21-3 until 22-3
  3232//3838 1730-0700 UTC 23-3 until 31-3
  ????//4886 0700-1730 UTC 21-3 until 31-3
  3803//3232 1800-0600 UTC 21-4 until 30-4
  4886//3895 0600-1800 UTC 21-4 until 30-4

2362//2852 kHz

Another Czech military station has occupied 2362//2852 kHz for some three years now. It is located near the Czech/Austrian border. Its purpose isn't exactly clear. Some say that it is a training station. That could be true. However, it transmits 24h a day which is not logical for a training station. The messages are slightly different from the above mentioned stations.

The station sends a CQ marker when there are no messages. A message consist of either 5LGs, 5FGs, or mixed 5LGs/5FGs. The station doesn't seem to have a schedule. I parked my receiver on 2362 kHz for 3 hours and noticed that during the first hour messages were transmitted at hh23, hh34, hh46 and nothing for the rest of the hour; in the next hour it sent 5 messages between hh28 and hh46; and the next hour there was only 1 message. Callsigns change daily.

A sister station transmits on 4820 kHz. It uses the same NCG as the station on 2362 kHz.

Mode : MCW
Frequency : 2362//2852 kHz, but 2852 is not always on the air.
Header : 64 20 09 2123 696 callsign
    64 message nr
    20 group count (always 20 groups)
    09 day
    2123 UTC+1
    696=ABCD - addressee (commander in charge)

 

Samples:

ICJB ICJB ICJB ICJB ICJB ICJB
ICJB ICJB ICJB DE O1HN QTC
64 20 09 2123 696 = ICJB =
WMRTV MAHGR RBRTO AFKGX QFVG NZEDR OBZWE WHVXC MEZMI GCIWF UVFPN
WOKJO EGCLP KXKGB BHWV KCIY WGEEN N EGMH XCYXK WEQBX = O1HN +
ICJB ICJB ICJB DE O1HN QTC
65 20 09 2134 696 = ICJB =
UEETV NRFTW 06813 EDRJO ZWENW 16343 WFTUD FPNOW 68549 XKGBH HWYVU
83495 XKMWE BXWRY 68353 GZTPI HOMQT 47389 PZJPQ RSVSO = O1HN +
ICJB ICJB ICJB DE O1HN QTC
66 20 09 2146 696 = ICJB =
63526 08143 26782 33439 87596 84984 66283 45626 56835 36879 7834T
47241 63514 85718 51294 84643 84614 64236 08158 40863 = O1HN +
See also Newsletter 61.

Slovak military

The Slovak Military station in Zilina sends occasional messages and occupies 3485 kHz with the following channel markers:

The station used 1732, 2851, 3381 and 4396 kHz in the past two years.

ENIGMA code: M62

See also Newsletter 63.

The Trencin station "SNJ3"

"SNJ3" is run by the Slovakian army, 2nd readiness net in Trencin. It used 3337, 3381, 4026, 5319 and 5333 during the past years. The 5 MHz frequencies are daytime freqs and the others are nighttime freqs.

GNJK is often called by SNJ3. These tactical callsigns reappear on a regular basis.

Notes:

Messages consist of 5FGs and 5LGs. Long zeros.

Samples:

GNJK GNJK GNJK DE SNJ3 SNJ3 QTC 364 +
GNJK GNJK GNJK DE SNJ3 SNJ3 QTC 52 21 5 1506 = 364 GNJK =
GNJK GNJK GNJK DE SNJ3 SNJ3 QTC 37 20 7 1128 = 616 GNJK =
= 51 28 7 1528 = 616 KRQB =

OP-chat like: =19047 K (repeat of a 5FGS)

Every now and then you can find SNJ3 radio checking with a quite a few other stations, often at 1948 UTC. A number of the others also do radio checks with each other which makes it a bit chaotic :-)

Here a sample:

1948 XVGC called by DIX2, TXXT, JST4, WNPA, JF9I, Y3KA, V9NB
2002 GNJK de SNJ3
2011 FIJE called by K6IN
2013 FIJE called by PELF
2017 FIJE called by DIX2 and TXXT
2019 GNJK de SNJ3 QTC 71 204 2105 = 057 5 LG

 

Alf noted a RTTY transmission that had the same signal strength and used the same addressee as SNJ3 used that day. Could this be the same station??? The RTTY station transmitted with 50bd/425. The messages consisted of 5LGs and 5FGs. A semicolon ";" seems to be the equivalent of the morse character "="

Samples:

7 50 5 1421; 364 G3JK; 5FGs; UMBK K
QRV K
R 7 14__ QTC K
8 50 5 1426; 364 G3JK; 5LGs; UMBK K
QRV K
R 8 1431 QTC K
9 50 5 1432; 364 G3JK; 5FGs; UMBK K
QRV K
R 9 1436 QTC K
10 50 5 1437; 364 G3JK; 5FGs; UMBK K
QRV K
10 1442; 646 COL 646 K
See also Newsletter 61.

Polish military

Maciej and Andy, two Polish WUN members, supplied a lot of interesting Polish military logs this month.

Frequency Callsigns and remarks
2248 Civil defense?
2309  
2456 U3I (urszula 3 irena), C8U (celina 8 urszula)
2538  
2574.5  
2792 159, Nowela 42, Monitor 67
2814 Kontra72, Junak70, Tokar59
2827 QSY from 2792
3829.5
4040 Gordon58
4097.6  
4114  
4502 XDT, CQ4, TJ7, RQ8, Z4M
4601  
5046  
6856 SN28 wkg SNWZ (Polish warship Kontradmiral Xawery Czernicki)
7849 SPWU: Polish warship Orzel
7872 ZOR, ATV Polish military, possibly in Kuwait. MARS-like comms
7937 LCR155 Polish Mil HQ Warsaw?
7937 MARS-like comms
11109 Czekaj 5. MARS-like comms

 

Polish warships have been using the following frequencies in 2002/2003:
6856, 7849, 9136, 11465, 12186 and 14682 kHz.

See also Newsletter 61.

Russian/CIS military stations

Flash message copied on 18.1 kHz:
"XXX XXX RDL 66983 47202 KARATAL 3250 2051 K"

Freq. QSX callsigns
3334    
3348   2XBP
3819 3348 GBBS, OJVZ
4447   6LLC, LGDI, CI9L, 9BTE, SQV2, MXD7, K4Y1
4456 3954 2LV9, FCWJ, VF3I, HZ9O, ?KLN

 

See also Newsletter 61.

Chinese military stations

Australian dxer Eddy Waters heard one of the members of the "L9CC" family. He wonders if this is a training station. Well, I don't know Eddy. It could be, but due to the fact that there are many stations like the one that you logged and the fact that they change frequency very often, I don't think that it is a training station.

The station that Eddy heard was PNW9 working with its fixed counterpart GM3Z. The station changed its frequency every day and transmitted on 4831.9, 4824.5 and 4825.6 kHz. The transmission consisted mainly of PNW9 calling GM3Z. The following is the text that was sent: "EGNW7 TNU3S EN9WE VU1II XTDT6 M9EGA GAI1E SG6EE DE GM3Z GM3Z DE PNW9 PNW9", then the previous message was repeated over and over again.

"L9CC", the most famous of the bunch used 3555, 7061, 7065 and 7068 kHz in April.

Here is a list of the stations that have been found so far. Note that these are fixed couples, so L9CC always has CP17 as counterpart, etc.

Another Chinese station, "3SY", appeared on 8803 kHz. Igor logged it and sent a complete transcript of the transmissions that consisted of groups of 3 and 4-short-figure groups.

vvv cq cq cq de 3sy 3sy 3sy msg (R4)
ga
nr o481 ck 84 35 o4o1 o7oo = =
tta 3u4 3a4 tau 773 ta7 773 tad 773 353
35n 4ad nn3 445 3dt tta n34 tta nd4 tt5
4dt 4d7 tan 773 tua 773 tuu 773 tu3 773
353 4ad nn3 435 3du 4dt 4d6 tut 773 353
5ad nn3 446 467 3dt ttu 4dt 4d6 tu4 773
tu5 773 35u 4ad nn3 445 3dt tta n34 tta
nd4 tt5 4dt 4d6 tu6 773 tu7 773 tun n34
t33 773 356 4a7 nn3 445 3dt tta n34 tta
nd4 tt5 4dt 4d6 ar ***
msg agn msg agn ga
nr o481 ck 84 35 o4o1 o7oo = =
tta 3u4 3a4 tau 773 ta7 773 tad 773 353
35n 4ad nn3 445 3dt tta n34 tta nd4 tt5
4dt 4d7 tan 773 tua 773 tuu 773 tu3 773
353 4ad nn3 435 3du 4dt 4d6 tut 773 353
5ad nn3 446 467 3dt ttu 4dt 4d6 tu4 773
tu5 773 35u 4ad nn3 445 3dt tta n34 tta
nd4 tt5 4dt 4d6 tu6 773 tu7 773 tun n34
t33 773 356 4a7 nn3 445 3dt tta n34 tta
nd4 tt5 4dt 4d6 ar
*** znn sk znn sk ar *
vvv xsv86 xsv86 xsv86 de 3sy 3sy 3sy msg (R3)
ga msg ga
nr o661 ck 2oo 24 o4o1 o8o5
1p = =
5u6t 4n45 aun7 7td3 5na6 adnt u463 t657 453t 4u6d
td65 t356 43n6 da3u dut7 t3u6 4an7 dnu4 a457 5a7n
5dn6 3au6 d537 354n 47td ut4n tau4 35da 6u7a 67tn
6un7 534u t75a 6nt3 57ad td47 dua3 6d43 n65u 4atn
63an 47dn dta7 a46n u345 5d3u utd5 67t4 53au t6n7
d64u n6at d75n 76na 34d5 36a7 d5u3 5tu4 a4t7 3unt
3576 53td 76t4 d5a4 du3n antu nu5t 74au 76n3 6d4a
63n7 a73d 5u6t u45d nu47 5n3a t6a3 tud4 d456 tn7a
753n a34u tua3 467n ntu6 5t7d 65dn 34ua 6tda 547n
74da a5un 7dnt tu35 na6t 5u7n 63dt 6d34 374u a465
iii up = =
47na 35t6 35u4 5n6a 56ta 746d 37tu 73ut dan5 d6nu
td65 a5dt d73n 35n6 u453 nu34 64at t76d u74a n7au
6t73 tdna an74 d64t u576 u5da 56n3 u3n7 4ut5 a34d
6un7 567d d74a 56nt 36au a3n4 ta34 ut37 5d4u dnt5
63ad 5ndt 67tn 457t 347d nua6 a35u u4n5 4u3t t6d7
d643 tn4u au35 4357 nudt 6t7d 6da5 t4n3 67an au75
47n6 75tu an4d 65n4 d34t a5du 3a67 7da3 u5nt 6ut3
63t7 ud5t 75t4 356d an5u t67u 67au 4n3d dan4 4an3
d65a 47n5 356d dna4 47nu 73t6 7u46 3utn a3ut da5t
75t6 374u atu3 456d u4n5 n67d d6ta naud 7a53 3tn4
ar *** znn sk znn sk *
See also Newsletter 62.

Voice stations | Morse stations | Other modes
Military stations | Intelligence news
Agency profile :Poland | Logs
Index | NS NL Home

---